StraighterlineAP2 202 Anatomy & Physiology 2 A&P 2 test 9.Grade 38.00 out of 40.00 (95%) Question 1Question text The visceral layer of Bowman's capsule Select one: a. is part of the filtration membrane. b. is called endothelium. c. contains podocytes. d. is part of the filtration membrane and is called endothelium. e. is part of the filtration membrane and contains podocytes. Question 2Qu
AP2 202 Anatomy & Physiology 2 A&P 2 test 9.
Grade 38.00 out of 40.00 (95%)
The visceral layer of Bowman's capsule
a. is part of the filtration membrane.
b. is called endothelium.
c. contains podocytes.
d. is part of the filtration membrane and is called endothelium.
e. is part of the filtration membrane and contains podocytes.
What type of tissue is responsible for the expansion of the urinary bladder during filling?
a. transitional epithelium
b. stratified squamous epithelium
c. pseudostratified columnar epithelium
d. stratified columnar epithelium
What part of the urinary bladder expands very little during bladder filling?
a. the fundus
b. the trigone
c. the neck
d. transitional epithelium
Which of the following is between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules?
a. the glomerulus
b. the loop of Henle
c. the distal convoluted tubule
d. the proximal convoluted tubule
e. collecting duct
The filtration membrane consists of the
a. capillary epithelium, podocytes, and macula densa.
b. podocytes, basement membrane, and macula densa.
c. basement membrane, capillary epithelium, and macula densa.
d. parietal layer and visceral layer.
e. podocytes, capillary endothelium, and basement membrane.
The juxtamedullary nephrons
a. have long loops of Henle.
b. are found next to the renal capsule.
c. comprise 85% of all nephrons.
d. have their renal corpuscles located in the medulla.
e. have short loops of Henle.
Choose the one that does not belong.
a. loop of Henle
c. distal convoluted tubule
d. proximal convoluted tubule
e. Bowman's capsule
One feature of renal blood circulation that makes it unique is that
a. there is a double set of venules.
b. blood flows from arterioles into venules.
c. blood flows from venules into arterioles.
d. each nephron has at least two capillary networks.
e. the nephron is only associated with the glomerulus.
Removal of the posterior pituitary will immediately cause
a. a decrease in urine volume.
b. an increase in urine volume.
c. no change in urine volume.
Which structure removes excess water and solutes from the kidney's medullary interstitial fluid?
a. distal convoluted tubule
b. collecting duct
c. loop of Henle
d. vasa recta
e. proximal convoluted tubule
Diabetes insipidus is the result of decreased
a. ADH production.
b. insulin production.
c. aldosterone production.
d. angiotensin II production.
e. glucagon production.
In the myogenic mechanism of autoregulation, what is the response to an increase in blood
pressure in the afferent arteriole?
a. constriction of the glomerulus
b. dilation of the afferent arteriole
c. dilation of the efferent arteriole
d. constriction of the afferent arteriole
When the tubular maximum for a substance is exceeded,
a. more of the substance is reabsorbed.
b. more of the substance is actively secreted.
c. less of the substance is filtered in the renal corpuscle.
d. the excess goes into the blood.
e. the excess remains in the urine.
The collecting ducts and distal convoluted tubules
a. reabsorb glucose.
b. collect filtrate from Bowman's capsule.
c. actively transport sodium ions but not chloride ions.
d. vary in their permeability to water relative to the amounts of ADH present.
e. do not alter their permeability to water.
Urine formation involves
a. filtration of the plasma.
b. reabsorption from the filtrate.
c. secretion into the filtrate.
d. production of red blood cells.
e. filtration of the plasma, reabsorption from the filtrate, and the secretion into the filtrate.
Drug companies use which of the following to help them calculate the duration of action of a
a. plasma clearance
b. plasma osmolarity
c. tubular maximum
d. renal plasma flow
e. glomerular filtration rate
In order to regulate the pH of extracellular fluid, the kidneys are able to adjust the excretion of:
a. hydrogen ions.
Which of the following is NOT an effect of aging on the kidneys?
a. decrease in kidney size
b. loss of nephrons
c. decreased response to hormonal control of urine volume
d. a marked decrease in the ability to maintain homeostasis
Effects of aging on the kidneys include all of the following, except
a. an increased ability to eliminate uric acid and creatine from the blood.
b. a gradual decrease in the size of the kidneys.
c. a gradual decrease in blood flow through the kidneys.
d. a loss of general function.
e. a decline in absorption and secretion.
Which of the following condition is characterized by inflammation of the renal pelvis?
b. acute glomerular nephritis
c. chronic glomerular nephritis
d. acute renal failure
e. chronic renal failure